Corruption tense campaign in Andalusia after 30 years of socialist hegemony

Corruption and the unsustainable unemployment rate mark the electoral campaign of these second general elections in Andalusia. After four consecutive victories of the PSOE in the last European, regional, municipal and general elections, the socialist party could face the loss of a fief with more than 30 years of loyalty. The latest data from the CIS reflect this in its last poll on June 9, in which PP and PSOE would tie 20 seats, Unidos Podemos would get 13 and Ciudadanos would remain around eight.

In Andalusia, since last December 20, hope and patience are over. Not even the service sector in the spring has been able to alleviate the unemployment of this community, which stands at 29.07 percent according to the Labor Force Survey of April 27, far exceeding the national average and the European. It is important to remember that during the 2014-2020 period, Andalusia will no longer be considered by the EU Objective 1 region, so that community aid will not be as abundant as it has been until now.

The consequences of corruption

The consequences of corruption


Social services that have traditionally flagged southern socialism have also suffered the consequences of a misappropriation of funds and administrative prevarication, reflected in the prosecution of the presidents of the Junta de Andalucía Manuel Chaves and José Antonio Griñán , two barons of socialism national and Andalusian that, without a doubt, have caused a deep impact between militants and supporters.

Susana Díaz, “political daughter” of both, will have to play her best cards in the remainder of the campaign if she wants to save the image of the game. Five years of instruction in the ERE case, change of judges, separation in pieces and 1.2 billion defrauded.

It is very difficult to calculate the result, but what is clear is that the opposition and especially United We can use mercilessly the conclusions repeated both by judge Mercedes Alaya and Álvaro Martín on the ERE case: “a clientelist network would have benefited from millions of euros distributed without respect to legality and with total discretion. ” Moreover, the formation of churches exposes that the sum of corruption costs Andalusia in 4,000 million euros.

Stock photograph of the Andalusian presidents José Antonio Griñán and Manuel Chaves.

The Popular Party also does not get rid of the corruption stain. On April 13, the mayor of Granada, José Torres Hurtado, and the town planning councilor, Isabel Nieto, were arrested for a presumed corrupt plot in the town hall of Granada that ended with 13 years of absolute popular majority. To combat this scourge, all political parties contain promises of goodwill in their programs, but so far, the only thing that has been approved in the Parliament of Andalusia unanimously proposed Citizens is to eliminate the assessments, which parties assume subsidiary civil liability in case of political corruption and prohibit the cancellation of loans to parties, among other issues.

The PSOE advocates transparency, something that can be seen in its portal as a pedagogical measure to create culture. The PP, for its part, proposes a pact for Justice in Andalusia that involves political parties, professionals, and unions in order to optimize public service.

Unidos Podemos is adamant in the prohibition of revolving doors and invites the creation of a Law of Clear and Open Accounts so that the numbers of the administration are public and can be consulted in real time. Only in Andalusia, this gesture would save 24 million euros a year. Citizens propose to return the fiscal control of the SICAV to the Tax Inspectorate, it would toughen the penalties of the most serious crimes such as tax havens, figureheads or organizations to commit crimes and increase the resources of the Tax Agency.

The great challenge of unemployment


A distrust of politics in cases of corruption in Andalusia is closely followed by the structural problem of unemployment. According to the latest Active Population Survey, 1,189,200 people are unemployed, that is, 29.07% of the inhabitants of the Andalusian community. This figure represents a slight decrease compared to last December (31.54%), but in either case, the situation of social emergency persists.

Since 2012, the average number of Andalusians who have had to emigrate abroad exceeds 1,000 per year, reaching a total of 105,237. At this point, parties also seem to agree: the PSOE calls for greater competitiveness based on added value, the PP reminds that every euro that goes to employment must be managed precisely for this and remember that the Prepares Plan already serves to 150,000 Andalusians who have exhausted the benefits with an extra allocation of 219 million euros.

United We could repeal the current labor reform and bet on a National Transition Plan giving a public impulse to sectors of high added value (knowledge economy or renewable energies). Citizens meanwhile stress that the stable contract would be the only guarantee of quality employment, an indefinite contract with increased compensation. As for the unemployed, Rivera’s party would provide direct training checks to workers to avoid intermediaries such as unions or business organizations.

Urgency in the execution of public works

Urgency in the execution of public works


Ozgur Unay, president of Engineering Consultants UG21, warns in the magazine Caminos Andalucía that the significant decrease in investment in these last years of crisis is being noticed both in the delays in the execution of some infrastructures projected and already begun in an orography as wide and varied as that of Andalusia. This is the case of the SE-40, the AVE lines to Granada (more than a year incommunicado) and Huelva, the transverse railway axis of Andalusia, the splitting of the A-4 between Cadiz and Seville, the construction of additional lines in existing meters, sewage treatment plants in many towns, channeling in towns that suffer floods year after year or the connection of State ports with the European rail network, infrastructures that will serve to improve the well-being of the population as well as the competitiveness of the productive economy.

The Mediterranean and Atlantic rail corridors seem to be a priority in the programs of all the parties that come to obtain representation in the Congress of Deputies. All of them mention them as “primordial” for the commercial and tourist development to the East and West of the community taking advantage of the location of Algeciras as kilometer zero.

More company and lower fiscal pressure


Andalusia is practically deindustrialized, only the poles of the Campo de Gibraltar in Cádiz or Huelva have a certain fabric. The last contrasted data of 2014 speak of the existence of 479,045 companies that employ 1,844,753 people, in a community of eight million inhabitants.

19.8% of the active population is an official, an unsustainable machinery in the midst of a crisis and at the same time uninspiring for the supplier companies. The premise “for and for Andalusia” is small and they look beyond their frontiers with universal products and services that can be exported in the short term. The investment in concentrations of work and talent such as the Andalusian Technology Park (PTA) in Malaga, which houses more than 600 companies, or the Cartuja Scientific and Technological Park (PTC Cartuja) in Seville with 370 companies, generating 14,500 jobs of work should be a priority in the investment in 

The electoral proposals seem to be in tune with the unanimous petitions between businessmen and the self-employed: the reduction of the tax burden. Socialists put the accent on entrepreneurs who would have to facilitate financing and reduce bureaucratic obstacles. The popular continue insisting on the rate of 50 euros, now extended to one year, as a reduced fee for Social Security for self-employed.

Unidos Podemos proposes to diversify the industry by adding value to production, research, and development. As regards self-employment, it considers as a priority the equalization of the benefits of the Special Regime of Self-Employed Workers (RETA) to the General Social Security Scheme.

Citizens would carry out a tax reform in favor of the middle class, lowering the IRPF to less than 3%. In Andalusia, on January 1 came into force a linear reduction of two points in the regional income tax for income less than 60,000 euros, a saving for the taxpayer estimated at 250 euros per year. The VAT would be reduced to 18% and the self-employed would stop paying the Social Security fee if their income is below the Minimum Monthly Salary, always paying in proportion to their billing and benefits.

Tourism for today and tomorrow

Tourism for today and tomorrow


The tourism sector represents 13% of GDP in Andalusia. Only in 2015, it received 26 million tourists according to the numbers of the Institute of Statistics and Cartography of Andalusia (IECA). But this success always has expiration date since it is irremediably tied to an alarming temporality. How to fight it?

The PSOE opts for the social dimension of tourism through the creation of specific products for people over 55, young people and people with disabilities. The PP defends a direct relationship between infrastructure and tourism sector. The popular reproach the PSOE that 40,000 jobs are waiting for the concession of opening bars on the beach.

 Views from the Alhambra in Granada, the most visited monument


Unidos Podemos focuses on product differentiation based on values of the territory with important support for culture. To this, I would add the ability to influence the markets of origin, especially in Europe. Citizens defend a Strategic Tourism Plan with new segments, encouraging the modernization of offers and services to promote cultural and artistic heritage. They would enhance the structure of Tourspain with a philosophy of cooperation between the public and private sectors, as well as collaboration between autonomous communities and municipalities.

The Government of Murcia asks that the new financing system equate resources by communities



Fernando de la Cierva, en la rueda de prensa

Fernando de la Cierva, at the EUROPA PRESS press conference

The regional government has presented allegations to eliminate the so-called ‘status quo’ clause of the new regional financing model, which until now guaranteed that the better-financed communities did not receive less money than they had been receiving, “perpetuating” the inequality with the rest.

In addition, the Murcian Government has asked in its allegations that the restructuring of the debt that is dragging the Region due to the “underfunding” by the central Government is assumed “by all”.

Specifically, the regional government wants the debt to be “mutualised” and to look for a way to pay it “among all”, in order to be assumed by the “common system”, under the “whatever formula”, As reported by the Minister of Finance, Fernando de la Cierva, at the press conference following the Governing Council.

In particular, these points are reflected in the allegations made by the Government of Murcia to the report of the Permanent Technical Evaluation Committee, which “should gather the opinion of both the Ministry of Finance and the communities as a whole” on what should be the proposal that It has to be raised to the next Fiscal and Financial Policy Council (CPFF), which will foreseeably take place at the end of May or the beginning of June.

When asked if the motion of censure presented at the national level could affect the project, de la Cierva pointed out that last week he was convinced that “there would be a new model,” but the new political scenario “brings uncertainty” and “It can bring delays.”


After analyzing the draft of the Technical Committee, the regional government has considered that “it does not faithfully reflect the technical debates that have taken place”. According to the counselor, the text has “quite vagueness” and “is not concrete in many aspects”, despite the fact that the debates of the different working groups “have reached a very high degree of consensus”.

The regional government does not see that degree of consensus reflected adequately in the draft, which “does not sufficiently value the previous document of the expert committee” that all communities “have valued as the best in terms of regional funding that has been carried out in the whole history of democracy in Spain. ” In his opinion, the experts’ document should be the “real basis” on which to carry out the “real” debate of the new model.

The regional government hopes that the presentation of allegations by the communities can redirect the debate and extract “all the good” from the expert committee document in order to achieve a “more concrete and operational” result.


The Murcian Government has emphasized all those points in which there was previously a high degree of agreement, in order to “try to achieve a greater degree of concreteness”.

One of the issues that is “nuclear” for the Region, in which the regional government has emphasized its claims is the so-called ‘Status Fund’, that is, a clause that had all funding systems so far and that stated that “nobody perceives less than what he had been perceiving”.

This clause, according to De la Cierva, “perpetuates the differences that have always existed in the beginning”, and makes the possibility of convergence between the different autonomous communities “very difficult”. And it is a guarantee that the best financed “continue to be”, practicing “solidarity upwards”.

Well, the committee of experts recommended the disappearance of this fund, and the regional government has also positioned itself in favor of its elimination. However, he regrets that the Permanent Technical Evaluation Committee document continues to collect this Status Fund.

The regional government wants to simplify the model, eliminate this clause from the ‘status quo’ and establish a basic funding fund that covers the basic services (Health, Education and Social Services); as well as creating a complementary leveling fund for “exceptional” situations.


On the other hand, De la Cierva has lamented that the Region of Murcia is dragging a situation of underfunding for years. Specifically, he recalled that the Region was the only Community, together with the Basque Country, which had financial balance in 2007, which was taken as the basis of the previous financing system.

However, he regrets that the Community currently has a debt of 8,700 million euros, which he considers “direct consequence in 80 percent of the financing system”. And is that, if the Region “was financed as the whole of the average in the communities, would be receiving 180 euros more per capita, ie, 264 million euros more funding per year.”

In fact, he pointed out that if the Region had disposed of those 264 million euros in 2017, it would have closed the year with “zero deficit”. Therefore, the regional government is committed to address the “restructuring of debt,” taking into account that it is a “problem of all.”

In his opinion, the restructuring of the debt has to be done in two tranches. The first tranche would be common for all the autonomous communities to “finance basic services”, and the second tranche “should cover the increases in debt that have been produced by a manifestly unjust financing system”.

“The debt of the financed peers must be paid by all, at least, in the part that corresponds to the fundamental public services”, as the Minister of Finance maintains, who has stressed that this position is shared by the Independent Authority of Fiscal Responsibility (AIReF), and the committee of experts have also pronounced “similarly”.

If the debt situation is not solved, De la Cierva warns that public administrations could not be re-financed in the markets.


In addition, the regional government has called for the so-called “sufficiency principle” to be implemented, which implies that “it is guaranteed that the new financing system covers all the competencies assumed by the autonomous communities in Health, Education and Social Services.

Similarly, remember that both the experts and some communities have calculated that in the base year of the new model, which would be 2015, “would require additional funds for a greater financing of 16,484 million euros for all the autonomies” to give coverage of fundamental public services.

De la Cierva stressed that there is another principle of “equity” that implies that “we have a full leveling of resources.” For example, the counselor has pointed out that the difference in financing between the Region of Murcia and Cantabria, which is the “best financed” community, is 891 euros per head per year.

“It seems that a bed in Valdecilla and the Arrixaca are worth the same,” as De la Cierva has asserted, who asks what is the origin of the difference between one financing and another. Therefore, bet on “close” that fork or, at least, that is “more equitable.”

Finally, the Murcian Government has asked that the financing be “exactly the same” between autonomies under the “adjusted population”, a concept in which the set of communities show a certain “consensus” and that weighs the number of inhabitants according to the criteria such as dispersion, among other things.

The Corts ask the Consell to implement sex education programs in schools and greater access to contraceptives

The Corts ask the Consell to implement sex education programs in schools and greater access to contraceptives


Métodos anticonceptivos.

The plenary session of the Corts Valencianes has unanimously approved this Wednesday a proposal not of law presented by the PSPV -to which amendments have been incorporated-, in which it asks the Consell the implementation of sexual education programs in the education system , “based on scientific criteria”, as well as measures to prevent unwanted pregnancies and guarantee access to “safe and modern” contraceptive methods.

Thus, by virtue of the proposal of the PSPV to which have been added amendments of Compromís and Podemos and part of another of the PP, the Autonomous Chamber asks the Generalitat to offer information, education and advice on sexuality, reproductive health and responsible motherhood and fatherhood.

It also claims to guarantee access to assisted reproduction treatments for all women, regardless of their marital status or sexual orientation, as well as the participation of women in decision making in sexual and reproductive health services.

The socialist deputy Rosa Peris has stressed that the Organic Law on sexual and reproductive health and the voluntary interruption of pregnancy, approved during the Government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, was a “modern and European” standard.

However, he regretted that the PP “did everything he could to prevent us from resembling the Europe of rights and freedoms”. He also pointed out that in the Comunitat the ex-president Francisco Camps and the exconseller Juan Cotino “promoted the Law of Promotion of Maternity”, which was “a crude trick to avoid the Law of Zapatero”.

During her speech, Rosa Peris has urged to join on September 28 World Safe Abortion Day is celebrated in many countries.

From Compromís, Marian Campello said that “it is time for institutions to get involved and make a firm commitment to advanced policies” on sexual health, and has warned that one in five young people do not use any method of contraception.

For its part, the ‘popular’ Remedio Yanez has stressed that “have good reproductive health is important to prevent sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies, but with respect for the values ​​and beliefs of each person.”

Also, the deputy of Citizens Carmen Sanchez said that “it is essential to educate girls and young people to know their rights and also the risks that exist,” while Cristina Cabedo, de Podemos, has advocated “change paradigm” and ” Take a step to develop women’s sexual health away from the issue of motherhood. “


On the other hand, the plenary session of the Corts has unanimously approved a compromise amendment – after a proposal not of law of Compromís_ – by which the autonomous Parliament claims that

  • within the Interdepartmental Commission of support or support for biological families
  • of the stolen children
  • you create a

working group in which the current associations are represented and those that may eventually arise and reference persons from each of the Councils involved in these investigations.

As stated in the approved text, this working group must ensure “the maximum public support for the victims, responding to the needs and demands that arise, offering legal solutions to the problems of access to all the necessary documentation for

the resolution of cases and their referral to the courts “.

This working group will be coordinated by the representative of the Conselleria competent in the matter and must account for the actions taken to the Interdepartmental Commission, which will propose the granting of financial aid for exhumation and DNA testing in cases in those who value their need and viability.

  • Also, and by virtue of the approved proposal, the Consell
  • will include in the Draft Law of Democratic Memory and for Coexistence,
  • “the firm will to establish the


Congress requests specific public funding for the treatment of childhood cancer



Cáncer infantil

A child affected by cancer in the Niño Jesús Hospital (Madrid). ARCHIVE

The Health Commission of the Congress has approved this Thursday unanimously to urge the Government to review in the public calls destined to finance the research and clinical trials the selection criteria so that the solvent projects in childhood cancer are adequately financed .

The initiative, a transaction agreed between PP, PSOE and Citizens, also requests to evaluate and promote diagnostic techniques and oncological treatments for children with more specific and potentially less toxic biological agents, respecting, in any case, the legal authorizations of the Spanish Agency of Medicines and Health Products.

They have also called for increasing the creation of specialized centers and specialized pediatric cancer units for different types of childhood cancer, centralizing efforts and guaranteeing adequate care for patients, within the framework of the procedure for the designation of the referral center.

The agreed text also calls for all children’s oncology units to have a follow-up unit that works in coordination with the family doctor in the early follow-up and identification and treatment of medical problems associated with the treatment received.

Cancer is the leading cause of infant mortality in the West

It also proposes to improve the system of referral of patients between autonomous communities and to agree with them the possibility of including the different variants of childhood cancer in a disaggregated manner in the cancer population registries to facilitate the transmission of data.

In the defense of the proposal not of initial law, the socialist deputy Aurora Flórez has indicated that cancer is the leading cause of infant mortality in the West and has stressed that it is a radically different phenomenon than adults. “It’s random and unpredictable.”

Within the brain tumors, the parliamentarian has referred to the intrinsic diffuse trunk glioma (DIPG), which most frequently occurs in the brainstem. Twenty to thirty cases are diagnosed per year of DIGP in our country and only 30% of affected will reach the first year of life after diagnosis , while only 10% will reach the second year.

Both for these patients and for children with cancer in general, the increase in research is their greatest hope, said Flórez, who has lamented the little commercial interest that exists in drugs aimed at fighting childhood cancer , due to its low incidence in the population, which hinders both public and private research.

It is requested to improve the system of referral of patients between autonomous communities

In the defense of an amendment of the PP, Eduardo Fernandez has narrated how he felt the day he was told that his son, a few months old, had a tumor. “Nobody is prepared for that.”

“And in the midst of that nonsense, try to smile, to play, to keep everything in a normal situation, that nobody has had to tell me, fortunately what they did not have to tell me is that my son did not has gone, “he said.

The popular deputy has appealed to the obligation of parliamentarians to overcome emotionalism and to “remove obstacles” to reach an agreement.